Research

Work Submitted or Under Revision

"Protest and Partnership: Indigenous Peoples, Consultation and Engagement, and Resource Development in Canada" (with Brendan Boyd). Revise and resubmit, University of Calgary Press.

  • Co-edited book exploring what leads to the establishment of a mutually beneficial partnership and why do many resource development projects result in protests or legal challenges from Indigenous communities. Contributors include Brendan Boyd, Kirk Cameron, Sophie Lorefice, L. Jane McMillan, Thierry Rodon, Gabrielle Slowey, and Stephen Wyatt.

  • Intro (with Brendan Boyd)

  • Chapter 2: Indigenous, Industry and Government Perspectives on Consultation in Resource Development (with Brendan Boyd and Sophie Lorefice)


"Production Controls in North American Heavy Oil and Bitumen Markets" (with Brandon Schaufele). Revise and resubmit, The Energy Journal. USAEE Working Paper No. 21-495.

  • We measure the short-run economic impact of Alberta’s 2012-2020 oil curtailment policy. The curtailment policy led to an estimated increase in producer operating income of $658 million per month, while consumers, predominantly refiners in the US Midwest, lost economic benefits equal to $763 million per month.

  • Ivey Energy Policy and Management Centre Policy Brief


If It Matters, Measure It: A Review of Methane Sources and Mitigation Policy in Canada” (with Sarah Dobson and Victoria Goodday). Submitted. Posted on SSRN.

  • We review the sources of methane emissions in Canada, policies in place, and mitigation options for each source. Three primary sectors account for 94 per cent of Canada’s methane emissions: oil and gas, agriculture, and waste. Our review reveals that methane emissions management for all sectors is hindered by emissions measurement challenges. Due largely to these challenges, most of Canada’s methane emissions are unregulated and policy options are limited.


"Carbon Pricing Costs for Households and Revenue Recycling Options in Canada" (with Brett Dolter and Kent Fellows), Smart Prosperity Institute Clean Economy Working Paper 21-06. Submitted.

  • We provide detailed and comprehensive estimates of potential carbon tax costs for Canadian households, by province and income quintile, and explore revenue recycling options.


Working Papers

"Comprehensive Assessment of Regulatory Programs: Lessons from a Rapid Review" (with Akash Asif)

  • We provide a knowledge synthesis of best practices in assessing regulation and regulatory programs. We review the extant literature on how to assess regulatory programs in a horizontal and comprehensive manner that is relevant for government regulatory reviews. We describe relevant conceptual frameworks and policy design principles identified in academic and policy literatures on the topic of effective regulatory governance, as these form the basis of reviews of the quality and effectiveness of regulatory systems.


"Alberta Oil and Gas Leases: Testing Competing Institutions" (with David Johnson)

  • Use experimental economics to see the effect of changing information available to bidders on bidding behaviour


"Buying Anonymity: An Investigation of Petroleum and Natural Gas Lease Auctions"

  • Higher winning bids are associated with the use of brokers. The use of brokers is persistent and geographically concentrated.


"Estimating the Credibility of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation's Threat to Nationalize Oil Resources in Saskatchewan" (with Herb Emery)

  • Expropriation in Saskatchewan did not reduce investment in exploration and development, but did reduce the price paid for mineral rights relative to Alberta.


Ongoing Research Projects (drafts available on request)


"A Federal Backstop to Provincial Carbon Pricing: Decarbonization in an Age of Uncooperative Federalism" (with Fenner Stewart and Andrew Leach)

  • We explore the legal issues inherent in the Canadian government setting a minimum standard for carbon pricing in Canada, describing two hypothetical scenarios that trigger federal paramountcy analysis.


"Measuring the Contribution of Energy Infrastructure: A Practical Guide" (with Trevor Tombe)

  • Co-edited book that will propose and explore methods and metrics for measuring the social, environmental, and economic consequences of new energy infrastructure for Canada, its provinces, and its people. The book will inform policymakers and regulators in Canada, enabling them to better understand how to evaluate the costs and benefits of energy infrastructure.


"EITE Definitions and Policy Coverage" (with Sarah Dobson)

  • Compares the policy coverage - sectors of the Canadian economy supported by the policy - from the different emissions intensive and trade exposed definitions used by Alberta, the EU and California.


"North American Oil Markets and Opportunities for Canadian Crude" (with Sefik Bagdadioglu, Sarah Dobson, G. Kent Fellows, Sean Keown and Sophie Lorefice)

  • Describes recent trends in North American crude oil markets, including the determinants of price differentials for Canadian heavy crude. Explores alternative export markets for Canadian crude oil.


"Getting to Know Models: A primer and critique on Input-Output and Computable General Equilibrium Models and their uses for policy and project analysis" (with G. Kent Fellows)

  • Chapter in Measuring the Contribution of Energy Infrastructure: A Practical Guide, Jennifer Winter & Trevor Tombe, eds. We compare the underlying assumptions and results from input-output analysis and computable general equilibrium models. The measured economic impacts depends heavily on the underlying assumptions for both approaches.


"A Multiple-Account Approach to Benefit-Cost Analysis” (with Marvin Shaffer and Blake Shaffer)

  • Chapter in Measuring the Contribution of Energy Infrastructure: A Practical Guide, Jennifer Winter and Trevor Tombe, eds. There are significant limitations and challenges to the use of benefit-cost analysis. However, the alternatives commonly used in project and policy assessment, including the application of norms and multi-criteria analysis, have significant problems in their own right and do not substitute for what benefit-cost analyses can provide. The limitations and challenges to benefit-cost analysis do not mean it should be abandoned; however, its role and manner of application require more careful consideration. We outline a multiple account approach to benefit-cost analysis. A multiple-account approach recognizes that the role of benefit-cost analysis is to inform, not necessarily resolve public policy debates, and that can best be done in a disaggregated multiple account framework, not the pursuit of a monetized bottom line.


"Hydraulic Fracturing and Public Policy" (with Sarah Dobson and Sophie Lorefice)

  • We review how political and public sentiment towards hydraulic fracturing has affected its regulation and governance.


"Meaningful Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities" (with Brendan Boyd and Jessie Arthur)

  • We identify and examine existing understandings and approaches to meaningful engagement by different actors (government, industry, local communities, Indigenous Peoples) involved in engagement activities in the Arctic.


Old Drafts

"Plucking a Goose of Unknown Size: Optimal Rent Extraction with Exhaustible Resources" (with John Boyce)

  • The variety in resource taxation systems across jurisdictions is due to an "overabundance" of tax instruments.